“A chick never gets over a bad start”. “The actions we take before chicks arrive and the care we provide in the first few days can help set-up our chicks to be happy and healthy long-term.” Pre-heat the house before the chicks arrive. Preheat 24 hours before arrival in warm weather and 48 hours in cold weather.
Temperature recommendation: Soil: 24 °C Litter: 30 °C Air: 34 °C
Do not only heat the air, but also litter, soil and equipment. Chicks gain and lose temperature easily through conduction. In case of ﬂoor rearing, bring in the litter after preheating to allow the concrete to reach the desired temperature (24 °C).
Distribute litter and paper: Old litter from the previous ﬂock should not be used. Using old litter increases the pressure of disease and may cause increased chick morbidity or mortality. Insoluble grit should be fed if the chicks are on a type of litter (e.g. shavings) that will be eaten by the chicks.
Feeders: Offer four linear inches of feeder space for each bird. Clean egg cartons filled with feed make excellent and easily accessible feeders for young chicks. Provide low-lying feeders, or trough feeders, for after the transition.
Waterers: For every 25 chicks, fill two one-quart waterers with room temperature water and place them in the brooder. To help water stay at room temperature, place the waterers in the brooder, outside the comfort zone (do not position underneath the heat lamp), 24 hours prior to the chicks arrival.
Brooder: The brooder is the first home of new chicks. Be sure it is comfortable, warm and draught-free with at least three to four square feet per chick. The area should be circular and expandable.
Heat lamp: Assemble a heat lamp in the centre of the brooder for bird warmth. Hang the heat lamp about 20 inches above the litter, with 2.5 to 3 feet between the lamp and the guard walls. The temperature under the heat lamp, or comfort zone, should be 95 degrees Fahrenheit and adequate room in the brooder should be available for the chicks to get out from under the heater if they get too hot. After week one, gradually reduce heat by five degrees Fahrenheit each week until reaching a minimum of 55 degrees.
Ventilation: Guarantee enough fresh air, but no draughts. In conventional pancake brooders, use chick guards (i.e. new cardboard) to prevent drafts. Start with a diameter of approx. 2 m in cool weather and approx. 4 m in hot weather. Enlarge the ring every couple of days and remove by six or seven days of age.
If you have any plan on poultry farm, please free to contact Anny Wang, Whatsapp/Wechat +86 13663282016
Post time: Jun-21-2021